MAKING THE PERFECT ORGANIC RECIPE TO BUILD GARDEN SOILS!

MAKING THE PERFECT ORGANIC RECIPE TO BUILD GARDEN SOILS!

November 9, 2019 34 By William Morgan


Here it is
early November down here in South, Georgia
Zone 8b and I have yet to get any cool weather cover crops planted
But we’re gonna do that today. If this is your first time on our channel
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Now before we talk about our cool weather cover crop cocktail
That we’re going to plant in this plot here. I want to talk a little bit about our sweet potatoes
That we just dug up from this plot here.
So this is the plot where we had our Georgia Jet sweet potatoes planted and the vines covered the whole plot
we kind of just did a
Hands-off approach this year with our sweet potatoes.
We went in there mowed those vines down dug our sweet potatoes
I didn’t film digging them just because it’s hard to hold the camera and digging sweet potatoes is a pretty dirty job
And so I didn’t want to get the camera all dirty and messy, but I’ll show you what we got
So this is our harvest from our plot of Georgia jet sweet potatoes
And we ended up getting some pretty nice ones as you can see right there
Right there pretty good ones in there. There’s a few small ones and
This was the first year I did the whole thing where I came in there and mowed them a
Few days before I harvest them the guys at Steele said that really helps toughen up the skins and makes them hold up better
During harvesting when were throwing them in the bucket and whatnot and that really did work
Well, so I’d highly recommend mowing the vines just makes it easier to go in there and harvest them now
We’ve got some that are kind of funky shaped
some of them split.
I guess because there just in the ground so long they split and then they kind of healed over
They don’t look really pretty but they’ll still eat. So we’ve got them on the storage rake here and
They’re just a curing and they usually end up
Tasting better about five to six weeks after you harvest them.
So they’re not super sweet right when you dig them but they’ll get sweeter as they sit here and cure and
We’ll store them here all winter long
If we get a frost we’ll put a little blanket on top of them but they should be good on this storage rake here
Underneath the barn. Now we’re not going to plant our cover crop here where we had our sweet potatoes
We’re actually gonna plant some beds of greens in here some of our premium greens
Mix with Tatsoi, Mizuna and a bed of all top turnips and we’ll have that coming up on a future video
I’ve still got to get in here and clean this up a little more
So I can get those beds made really nice. There’s still some
chunks of sweet potatoes I missed
When I was digging them the tiller chopped up, so we still got to get in here and groom this plot a little better
But it won’t be long for we’ll be ready to plant some greens in here. I’ve got all my vines piled up
here the ones that the mower didn’t get and I’m waiting on those to dry out before I
Drag them over to the burn pile now our cool weather cover crop cocktail
That’s a tongue twister is gonna go right here and this is a plot where I had some fall cucumbers on the very end there
My far right I had some pole beans in there
That didn’t do really good cuz we had such a late summer and then you saw that video I did
talking about the really tall okra
ended up coming in here and
Cutting that okra down just because I didn’t have time to harvest it and that other plot and it was just getting so tall
So I took some loppers
And I cut it as good as I could cut it with the loppers. We still got a few of these stumps
Right here. We’re just going to leave those in the ground and they should rot out
Throughout the winter, especially once we get a frost. We’re just going to cover crop around those stumps so I took my tiller in here
Got this nice and tilled up so we can get some good seed to soil contact
On our cover crops and I just tilled to both sides of these stumps here these okra stumps
and we’ll just cover crop around them and let that cover crop just
Envelop those stumps and they should rot out
By the time it comes spring and we want to plant something else here and there’s Tiger.
So when it comes to cool weather cover crops
We can plant just a singular one in a plot or we can mix them together and make us a little cocktail
To do several good things
for our soil
So today we’re going to be planting some tillage radish
Some Austrian winter pea and some hairy vetch
We’re going to mix them all together and plant them in this plot right here. Now the tillage radish
Is a great cool season cover crop if you’ve got some hard
clay soils that aren’t very workable and you want to improve the workability of
those soils
tillage radish also known as daikon radish
Has some really really deep
Roots it grows almost like really long carrots
they can get up to 12 inches long and they’ll
penetrate down there deep into that soil kind of loosen everything up for you and they’ll also
Scavenge a lot of nutrients from down deep and bring those to the top of the soil
So it’s going to help your soil in a lot of ways now this plot here
Has pretty nice soil but there’s a couple patches
You can’t really see here of white clay that are in there, and I’m hoping this tillage radish
Kind of improves the workability of those few spots there
And then the other two we’re going to plant here is the Austrian winter pea and the hairy vetch
Both of these are nitrogen fixers
So they’re going to grab some of that atmospheric nitrogen and put it in the soil
And we should have a nice fertile plot come spring now
If you’ve seen any of my previous cover crop videos, you know, I like to put it out thick
I like to go a little heavier than the recommended rate.
The recommended rate on these for the radish
is one pound per thousand square feet, the winter pea is two and a half pounds per thousand square feet, and the hairy vetch is
One pound per thousand square feet like the radish
But what I’ll probably do is I’ll just take half of these bags here half of each bag
Pour it in a bucket and we’ll mix it up good and then we’ll spread it all over
this plot here, which is about
25 feet wide by 60 feet long so somewhere between a thousand and 1,500 square feet.
So we’re going to take some of each of these and pour them in our bucket
about half that bag
about half this bag, hairy vetch
and about half this bag of tillage radish
Then we’re just gonna take our hand in here
and we mix it all up good.
Now we’ve got us a nice little
Cool-season cover crop cocktail so we got our cocktail made and now it’s time to sling some seed
so I’m gonna take my bucket and as
Equally as I can distribute
this cover crop cocktail over this plot here and then we’ll take our rake come behind there and
Make sure we get those seeds nice and covered. So they all germinate well once we put some water on them.
Alright, alright, alright, that didn’t take but about 5-10 minutes
Get that seed
Scattered on that plot get it raked in good.
Now this cover crop cocktail is going to do a lot of things for this plot as it grows
Throughout the winter and into the spring
It’s going to give us some erosion control
So if we do get some heavy rains it’s not going to wash all our good soil away
It’s also going to give us some weed suppression
that really thick dense cover crops gonna keep any of those cool weather weeds from getting in there and thriving
The radish in particular like I said earlier is going to scavenge nutrients from the deep bring them to the surface
so they can be available for our next crop that we plant in here and then that vetch and that
Austrian winter pea is going to fix some of the atmospheric nitrogen and add some nitrogen to our soil
so the benefits of this cool weather cover crop cocktail are
endless and if you’ve got a plot that you’re not planting this fall or this winter, I would highly recommend
Putting some type of cool weather cover crop in there. Now we don’t have any rain in the forecast in the next few days
So I’m going to go ahead and take my overhead tripod sprinkler and soak this plot pretty good so we can get some real fast
some real good germination from this cool weather cover crop cocktail.
I’ll put some links below to all of our cool weather cover crops so you can grab some of those make your own cocktail
Depending on what your soil or your garden needs are
I hope you guys enjoyed this video and if you did give us a big thumbs up,
Give us a big like, give us a big share, and we will see you guys next time.