Keto Diet Epilepsy (Brain And Sugar)

Keto Diet Epilepsy (Brain And Sugar)

July 25, 2019 21 By William Morgan


Keto diet and epilepsy let’s take a
little look at epilepsy and how the keto
diet actually got started most people
probably don’t know that the keto diet
originally was a treatment for epilepsy
especially in kids and it had a
fantastic success rate it was the
majority and then 90 percent range
got complete or almost complete
resolution of their symptoms and that
was the case until they developed drugs
and then they said oh you don’t have to
keep eating all this fat we’ve got a
simple pill and then you can eat
whatever you want now depending on your
philosophy I don’t think that’s a great
idea because there’s tons and tons of
side effects with drugs and if you keep
eating all that sugar then you’re
creating other ill health effects as you
well know but let’s just look take a
quick look at what epilepsy is so
epilepsy is a spontaneous action
potential it’s a spontaneous
uncontrolled discharge of energy and
signals from a cell so the brain signals
with electricity and it’s supposed to do
that in a controlled fashion so we have
something called a resting membrane
potential that’s the difference that’s
the the lying down here that the voltage
of the membrane is being pushed down so
that it’s stabilized so it’s harder for
it to discharge it kept it like a spring
you load it up and you keep it far away
from the place where where it discharges
so then when the brain wants to send a
signal then it creates a chain of events
where it slowly increases the potential
until it reaches a threshold and then
everything happens all at once it’s a
sudden action we’re called an action
potential and that starts a propagation
of a wave that becomes a brain signal
and then the brain slowly after this and
slowly and slowly in relation to how
quickly it happens but it still happens
that reset still happens in milliseconds
and then the brain brings it down below
threshold and it pushes it down toward
the resting membrane potential so that
it’s stable until next time it’s
supposed to fire off so there different
things that can affect this resting
membrane potential and if it starts
creeping up toward that point of
spontaneous discharge then we have an
unstable membrane and that’s what
happens in epilepsy when cells start
firing uncontrollably and randomly so
the way that cells talk to each other is
through synapses and when they do that
they either increase or decrease the
resting membrane potential so this cell
over here has a synapse and it sends a
signal to increase the resting membrane
potential meaning it’s bringing it
closer to threshold and it does that by
let’s say 5 millivolts but at the same
time this cell over here sends an
inhibitory signal it pushes the
potential further down by minus 10
millivolts so the net effect is a minus
5 so even though there’s two cells one
is bringing it trying to make it fire
and one is trying to make it stop the
net effect is that this cell is
stabilized and brought down so of course
in the brain there’s a hundred billion
brain cells and each brain cell makes on
average five to ten thousand connections
so the complexity of how all these
networks are interacting and firing and
stabilizing and turning off is just
immense when everything is working the
brain does this on purpose but there’s a
number of factors that can affect this
and that can destabilize these membranes
so one is hereditary some people are
have defects another one is trauma if
you’ve had kin
Cushing’s or head trauma and you’ve sort
of damaged some of the cells that might
be inhibitory then you can have a
predisposition for for a lesser membrane
potential minerals can be very very
important because the way that the
membranes fire is through the influx and
outflux by transporting minerals metal
ions like sodium and potassium and
calcium across this membrane magnesium
also is important magnesium is calming
to people because it has a stabilizing
effect on this membrane and finally the
reason we’re bringing this up is that
sugar can have a tremendous
destabilizing effect on this membrane so
and there’s a lot of different ideas on
why ketosis is so beneficial for the
brain and so forth but if we just look
at at the very very most basic
observation that it cured it reversed
the symptoms of the majority of
epileptic kids so epilepsy is
instability of cell membranes if you cut
out the sugar the symptoms go away so
that means the stability of the brain
increases that alone should be enough of
an argument to eat a low-carb diet and
we also know that a high glucose high
average glucose and a high a 1c produces
a faster brain degeneration your brain
shrinks a little bit more a year-by-year
the higher your blood sugar is so
there’s a lot of different different
observations to to support that one of
the most common misconceptions about the
brain is people say you have to have
carbohydrates because the brain only
runs on fuel they say and that’s not
true it’s almost true because the the
brain is more restricted on fuel than
other body cells like your
heart and your muscles they can run on a
variety of different fuels they can
break down proteins into glucose they
can break they love fat the heart runs
primarily on fat for energy the brain
can’t use fat but it uses glucose and
ketones and some people say that the
people in favor of or opposed to ketosis
in favor of high carb they say that you
have to have carbs because the brain
only runs on that and the brain will
always burn that first so that’s why it
prefers glucose and you can turn that
around and say well the glucose is
dangerous for the brain so that’s why it
burns it first because glucose in
diabetics high blood sugar will put you
in a coma low blood sugar will put you
in a coma stable blood sugar promotes
health and promotes brain function and
that’s the main thing that ketosis does
for the brain it stabilizes blood sugar
it puts it at a very very stable level
it it hardly varies at all
and once we cut the carbs enough once we
cut them back far enough then the brain
can run about 75% on ketones and 25% on
glucose so when we cut the carbs back
far enough when you cut them low enough
then the body will learn to burn fat
better it will make ketones and ketones
become the backup fuel for the brain and
it can use as much as 75% of the fuel
from ketones so when people say we have
to eat carbohydrates because the brain
needs it that’s a very very small
portion you don’t need a whole lot of
glucose and you don’t have to worry
about it because it if you eat enough
vegetables you’re gonna get a few grams
of carbs every day regardless so you’re
going to get plenty of glucose for the
brain to supply the last 25% of what the
brain needs
and when you cut carbs down you’re not
threatening your blood sugar level okay
yes the brain needs some glucose but you
can never cut back far enough because
the body has other ways of restoring
blood sugar and the best way to keep it
really really stable the way the brain
loves it is to get into ketosis and make
some ketones for the brain so like I
said way back the ketogenic diet started
as a treatment for epilepsy in children
and back then they didn’t know a whole
lot about nutrition they didn’t
understand ketosis very well they just
knew that if you cut the carbs way back
try to get them down to zero then and
and increase the fats then you could
reverse epilepsy but they didn’t
understand necessarily a whole lot about
the quality of fats they didn’t
understand much maybe about whole food
nutrition and they didn’t understand
that you could eat lots and lots of
vegetables and you could use tools like
intermittent fasting which is perfectly
fine even in kids because if you
stabilize blood sugar then you don’t
need to eat like a hummingbird you don’t
need to top off your blood sugar every
couple hours because your body learns to
balance out the energy supply over the
24 hours so you if you eat a couple of
times a day that’s plenty with
intermittent fasting and with vegetables
and with whole food then you can turn
that into a very very healthy lifestyle
and that was some of the arguments way
back and that’s why it fell out of favor
because people the the kids got tired of
the diet cuz it was really bland and
they were almost chewing on butter
sticks basically and then drugs came
around and they said look we’ve got the
pill now you can eat whatever you want
so that’s that’s why it fell out of
favor and people sort of forgot about it
until we had this epidemic of insulin
resistance and diabetes and obesity and
now it became the primary tool for
weight loss and insulin resistance so
the point though is stabilizing blood
doesn’t just insulae reduce insulin
resistance and obesity it’s also good
for the brain it is good for your health
and it is good for every organ in the
body if you do it right please share
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