Growth and Nutrition with IBD

Growth and Nutrition with IBD

November 8, 2019 2 By William Morgan


Hey it’s Maddy again! I’m here to tell
you a little about nutrition and how it
relates to IBD. Part of being a kid is
just gaining weight and growing taller.
This usually happens at an expected rate
and slows down the closer we get to
being an adult. However around the time
that you found out you had IBD or
perhaps during a flare you may have had
weight loss or even stopped growing. This
could have been from improper or under
nutrition, a greater need for nutrition
because of information from IBD and/or
not absorbing food. This makes our food
choices very important. Good nutrition is
important for everyone. In general eating
healthy means eating a variety of foods
from each of the food groups and in the
right amount. One way to think about good
nutrition is shown by what they call my
plate. It’s a nice reminder of what a
healthy balanced diet really looks like
or everyone. When you start thinking
about eating healthy with IBD, my plate
is a good place to start. But there are
also important nutrition issues that are
specific to IBD. For example some
vitamins and minerals such as calcium,
vitamin D, iron and folic acid may be
affected by IBD or the medicines
used to treat IBD. Your provider may want
you to take a complete multivitamin and
mineral supplement each day. They may
even ask you to get extra vitamins and
minerals when you have flares or if
you’re taking certain medicines. You
might do this with a supplement or
through your food choices. Also there may
be times when you have to limit or
restrict certain foods or food groups. For
example you may need to limit high-fiber
foods after surgery or if the intestine
is extremely narrowed by swelling. Your
body may experience increased symptoms
with certain foods during a flare and it
may
to limit those foods until you feel
better. If you have Crohn’s disease you
may be able to use nutrition to treat
your disease in the form of nutrition
therapy also called enteral therapy. A diet
of all or mostly all liquid shakes. This
has been proven to be both safe and
effective. Other special diets geared
toward treating IBD are also being
studied. Some have more evidence than
others so talk with your medical team
before you give it a try. You may also
hear of other supplements that can used with or in place of your IBD treatments.
You should discuss any diet changes in
supplements with your doctor or
dietitian. I hope this gives you a little
bit of an idea about the importance of
nutrition and taking care of IBD and I
hope you will talk to your dietitian to
learn more. They have a lot of great
information for you!